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Maribor 2007

4th - 7th of July 2007

Experience Maribor

The capital of Štajerska lies in the green embrace of Pohorje and wine growing hills. And to top all that the River Drava wends her way through it! All this gives Maribor an attractive and friendly appearance.

On the edge of the city rise extensive vineyards over the hills of Maribor, interwoven with wine roads that actually begin right in the city streets.

Moreover, on the other side of the valley set in a sea of forests on Mariborsko Pohorje is the biggest winter-sports tourist centre in Slovenia that offers widespread mountain paths and an attractive tourist infrastructure.

The banks of the River Drava with inviting green nooks and the river itself offer a completely different “sea” view of Maribor. Offering yet another experience it is possible to take trips down the river on special, traditional rafts.

The city with its well preserved old town core bear witness to the flourishing town history and attracts visitors with its rich cultural-entertainment life, modern Wellness & SPA-centre, Medical-Recreational centre and Terme Maribor Convention centre, modern shopping centre, casino, culinary and wine culture and the list goes on.

The rich diversity of the countryside offers lovers of animation and lovers of peaceful relaxation different kinds of experiences at all times of the year!


Slovenia lies in the northern moderate warm zone, in a region where there is twice as much rain and snowfall as is valid for the world average, and consequently the Slovene countryside is pleasantly green.

Simultaneously Maribor shares a strong Pannonian influence, and that is why the amount of rainfall in the city is somewhat lower (on an average 1050 mm per year). The most rain falls in the period from April to July, mostly as showers and heavy rain.

Maribor is one of the most sunny places in Slovenia, for on an average it has 266 sunny days per year. Fog mainly occurs only in the winter in the early hours of the morning. Its favourable position also protects Mariborians and visitors from unpleasant winds.

Precipitation (1961-1990): Temperature (1961-1990):

Maribor has, as is characteristic for a place in a continental climate, four seasons - winter, spring, summer and autumn.

Spring is warm and the sun's rays steadfastly melt the snow and force skiers on Pohorje to dexterously twist and turn over the last patches of snow. Spring rouses nature, that it blossoms in all its beauty, and the city glows in ever warmer yellow colours.

Immediately after the early spring follows a hot summer, when the temperature also reaches thirty degrees; the average July temperature is 20o C. A walk through the City Park and its surrounding wine growing hills brings refreshment, and the sea of forests on Mariborsko Pohorje bring plenty of pleasant, cool shade.

The summer preponders into an immediate warm autumn. Nature tenaciously changes the colours of her clothes, green colours change to red, orange and yellow shades, until the light autumn winds bring the leaves to the ground, and juicy grapes from the vineyards into the barrels.

The winter arrives. It is rather cold, as the average temperature in January is minus 2,3o C. In abundant snowy winters there is also that special magic sound that snow makes when you walk on it. The city dressed in white, embraced by the snowy, wine growing hills and Pohorje, does not slip in winter.

It gives its visitors pleasant experiences throughout the seasons of the year!

Brief history

The second largest city in Slovenia originated where in ancient times there were important crossroads between Celeio and Falvio Solvo on the one side and Ptuj and Carinthia on the other. Modest sites from the Early Stone Age, urn burial places, Celtic findings and the Roman villa Rustica bear witness to the oldest traces of colonization in the region of today's city.

It was the year 1164, when the Carinthian duke Bernhard Speinheim ordered the first fort on Piramida hill to be built. It was called Burg in der Mark (Castle in the March). The settlement, which grew below Piramida hill was called Markburg.

In 1209 the settlement was given market rights and in 1254 it was first mentioned as a town. Just a year later the townspeople began to build a two-kilometre long city wall, which set the boundary of the old town core. The wall was fortified with four defence towers. The Justice tower, Tscheligi tower, Jewish tower and the Water tower all helped to protect the town from Turkish invasions, and still today bring to light many a legend.

In Maribor in the Middle Ages there was a very big and economically strong Jewish community. They built what was considered at the time to be a very big and mighty synagogue, which owing to its characteristics was exceptional in the central European space.

The town, which was built from stone and wood, was spared from neither fire nor the plague. At the end of the 17th century an epidemic of the plague killed a fifth of the inhabitants and in this time Maribor got one of its finest cultural monuments, the Plague Memorial.

Slovene Bishop Anton Martin Slomšek is not only the first Slovene, who was beatified, but also an esteemed inspirer of national awakening. With the transfer of the seat of the Lavantine diocese from St Andraž to Maribor in 859 the church of St John the Baptist became a cathedral.

The construction of the southern railway line from Vienna to Trieste in 1846 brought fast industrial development to the town. Once a small town it began to rapidly spread and with that traffic also increased. It was necessary to build new bridges and it was these that down trod the medieval plan of the old part of the town, called Lent. The River Drava was an important traffic route already in Roman times. Every year some 700 special boats called "šajka" and 1200 rafts carrying timber as well as wine, iron products and textiles traveling from Carinthia to Belgrade and on to the Black Sea docked in Maribor. The once fast flowing river today just quietly whispers about its past important role of bringing prosperity of the town. And just a few meters from the riverbank stands a 400 year-old vine, which still bears grapes. The vine, the oldest in the world, is called the Old Vine and is considered the queen of all vines.

In the First World War Maribor dealt with its enemy. General Maister along with his few soldiers defended the northern border. Maribor was and stayed a Slovene town. The stormy years during the First World War had a decisive influence on the later development of the town. A strong textile industry emerged, which continued to develop over the next decades. Maribor lived to see the Second World War fearful of the advancing military might. It was 6th April 1941, when the enemy occupied the then Yugoslavia. In Maribor all development and industry came to a halt. During the war air raids by allies and the occupying enemy almost demolished the town, and the consequences of the enemy's deeds were felt decades after the war ended. After the Second World War Maribor registered leaps and bounds in its development. Companies in the period of self-governing socialism employed workers predominantly according to social criteria and created the working class of a new era.

Due to reduced employment in industry Maribor diverted to the development of tourism and other service activities. The city with 110.000 inhabitants has become the university, economic, cultural, traffic and tourist centre of northeastern Slovenia.

More history (pdf, 554kb) >>>

Maribor traditions (pdf, 984kb) >>>

Tourist information centres

Maribor tourist board - TIC

Partizanska 6a, 2000 Maribor

Phone: +386 (0)2 234 66 11, Fax.: +386 (0)2 234 66 13,,

Monday - Friday 9.00-19.00, Saturday 9.00-17.00, Sunday 9.00-12.00

Natural and Cultural Heritage Centre Bolfenk

Na Slemenu - Bellevue 2208 Pohorje

Phone: +386 (0)2 603 42 11, Fax.: +386 (0)2 234 66 13,

Open: wednesday, thursday, friday 9:30-15:30; saturday, sunday and hollidays 9:30-16:30. monday and tuesday closed

Other important contact information (police, banks, post offices...) >>>

Maps & Panorama

Click for interactive maps of Maribor and Pohorje.

Click to view panorama pictures.

Want to know more?

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